2011/03/14 13:00 Bill Reed on Sibbesborg Sustainability [web video + slides]

On a post at the Systems Community of Inquiry, Tiina Merikoski asked for comments on a blog post on Aalto Sustainable Communities, linking to Bill Reid’s presentation on the launch of the competition on the design of the Sibbesborg community.  While watching this, I took notes.

This digest was created in real-time watching the web video, based on the speaker’s presentation(s) and comments from the audience. The content should not be viewed as an official transcript of the web video, but only as an interpretation by a single individual. Lapses, grammatical errors, and typing mistakes may not have been corrected. Questions about content should be directed to the originator. The digest has been made available for purposes of scholarship, by David Ing.


Brief:  the area of development must regarded as a whole

[around 20:00]

Slide: Framework for the Whole of Sustainability

Technical System Design (red area, more energy required) to Living System Design (green area, less energy required, a whole systems approach)

  • Conventional:  we build our buildings just one step better than breaking the law
  • Green:  less bad, energy savings, carbon neutrality
  • Sustainable: 100% energy savings, but this is impossible
    • People equate carbon neutrality with sustainability too often
    • A slower way to die
    • Straining the environment less is a slower way to die
    • Not much hope
  • Restorative
  • Regenerative


General brief:  Gluing indicators together creating a whole … impossible

  • Can’t glue pieces of life together


Alvar Aalto:  Nothing is as dangerous in architecture as dealing with separate problems


Pieces of Green do not equal sustainability


Masanobu Fukuoka, One Straw Revolution:  An object seen in isolation from the whole is not the real thing

Need to shift from looking at objects to looking at relationships


What is a whole, and how do we work with this concept?


What are we sustaining with sustainability?

Audience response:  life itself, and possibilities for the next generation

Question:  how do we go about doing that?

More efficient energy, clean water, is all important

(referring to first slide framework), Hunter Lovins:  all working on the red area does is give us time to work on the green area

Think about the concepts of life, not just efficient transportation, green roofs, energy production


Life equals evolution

Humberto Maturana, describes life is process of becoming

NASA, life in the Genesis project, is the process of imperfect replication

Look at what we’re designing, who we’re designing, and the process of what we are becoming


One way to look at life is to to work with something that is manageable

  • Communities

Can’t have a sustainable building, it’s not living

  • An object is not sustainable, because it’s not living

What life requires is working in place, e.g. a watershed, or a community in a watershed, is manageable

  • A community doesn’t have boundaries, but yet it does have boundaries
  • No line:  water, energies, sunlight, soil, animals, people move constantly around boundaries
  • Life isn’t an object, but it is an organism
  • When looking at organisms, look at relationships and processes

Life is nested

  • Even the client / team … in building/infrastructure system … in watershed/ecological system … in social/community ecological system
  • No economics:  not an end of themselves, just an indicator of healthy or unhealthy flow
  • Making economics a purpose is a mistake

Not what this place is, but who this place is

  • Describing a person’s physical characteristics doesn’t really describe the person
  • Yet that’s the way we describe land
  • A better description:  relationships, family, dog in the street — gives more data

Let’s start looking at places as who


Example:  Same process for cities and rural areas

To understand a place, understand its vocation

Jamie Lerner, architecture/mayor/governor Brasil:  every city needs a vocation

A place with a purpose?

Land as a living organism shifts worldview

Mountaints, Three Sisters, Teton Range, Idaho/Wyoming

  • Farmland by alluvial stream, Mahogany Creek
  • Cleft in middle of mountain:  watershed for Mahogany Creek

Developer wanted to put 1000 homes on this farmland

  • We believe that humans are part of nature
  • Aboriginal groups have word for one life, we divide them
  • Past, present and future

Alluvial fan

  • Teton River
  • Faint ghost lines of rivers:  remnant streams
  • Soils map
  • When farmers came 1000 years ago, they dammed the creek and took 100% of water to farm the fields

Most farming is bad:  agricultural and shelter is how we’re killing the planet:  agricultural systems and building systems

  • How do we heal the earth, through those two systems?
  • We need to change the nature of our farming, and our community building

Was looking for patterns of life

  • When farmers blocked the stream, they disconnected the Teton River from the big whole mountains, destroying 3 ecosystems
  • 1. Teton River:  salmon and trout couldn’t breed
  • 2. Farmed the prairie savannah, cut up into sections, preventing the water from flowing down, so beaver, otter, megafauna moose moved away
  • Just like hydrological cycle, there’s a nutrient cycle:  water takes things downhill, nutrients take things back  by fish, insects, birds, megafauna carrying back upstream
  • 3. Without fish and animals moving upstream, the Big Hole mountains are now dying
  • Even were going to avoid 1000 homes, we will have still destroyed 3 ecosystems
  • The nature of the place doesn’t say to maintain the place (it looks green, but it’s not)
  • Living bridge between the Teton River and the Big Hole Mountains

With developers, said that this is correct

  • Redesigned the homes into tight wedges
  • Won’t be home there, but they would have only used 10% of water in the area, enabling the habitat quarters to be restored


Humans have a role to play to heal the planet

Places are unique living organisms

  • Have purpose
  • Have vocation, calling
  • Whether plains, Paris, New York City
  • They’re all nested systems
  • How to work with them in an intelligent way:  patterns, not from data
  • Patterns tell us


Every place has a distinctiveness, an essence that identifies them

Working in Baja California, most people think it’s a desert, but 400 years ago it was a scrub oak forest, destroyed by European farming techniques, we could bring it back

Stories hold evolutionary potential

Iriquois seven generation thinking

  • Not seven generations in the future, it’s three generations in the past, the present, and three generations into the future
  • How we’ve evolved, how we’ve destroyed, and how we can recover


Evolutionary potential, Santa Fe New Mexico

In white human settlers memory, there has been no water on this site

  • Water as an activating source for life

Fellow who bought this ranch was going to restore it

  • Planted native species
  • Got rid of grazing animal
  • Planted arroyos to stop erosion
  • Called it a day, to let nature take its course

Then heard about permaculturalists (e.g. Bill Lawson), they took a systems approach, looking not only at its existence, but also its potential, in three areas:

  • 1. Meteorological conditions:  10 to 12 inches of rain per year, 100 inches of evaporation, means it’s a desert, no surprise, it’s been that way for 5000 years
  • 2. Geologic conditions: Soil samples from arroyos, under 4 to 5 centimeters, found rich humus, which could only have come from the bottom of ponds, a head-scratchers
  • 3. Cultural conditions:  Looking farther out, went 50 to 60 miles out to a town in Colorado, found some old diaries:  Wild Bill Williams had come down to trap beaver — beaver in the desert, a double head-scratcher
  • First inclination to bring back beaver, but beaver don’t feed on yucca and prickly pear
  • Best they could do, was to imitate the pattern of the beaver:  they build dams
  • They put up 12 1-metre earth dams, and with 18 months, there was a permanent running stream


How did the water come back?

  • Came back because it does snow and rain
  • Putting up the pattern of beaver knew
  • Instead of water shooting off evaporating, dams can recharge the water table
  • A stream is an elevated water table
  • A permanent running stream on site:  the beginning of regeneration, create anew, borne of new spirit
  • Every farmer in the valley has been inspired by this
  • Have the potential to heal the planet
  • If we have the will and understanding, can heal in 18 months if we participate with nature on its own terms


Farm fields slide

Story:  Brattleboro Food Coop, Vermont, wanted to be a green grocery store

Food is coming from far away:  New Zealand, California, Chile

  • If there’s a truckers’ strike, grocery store will not be sustainable

Farms in the area had been abandoned because of poor soil from overfarming, overgrazing, and lumber extraction

Grocery store became an agriculture and soil extension service, to teach people

  • How farm their land, restore forest, restore watershed, can their own food, hunters to dress their meat
  • Bank/credit union to helpo farmers restablish farm

All they wanted was a grocery store

  • But any activity, in a city or a grocery store, can be a catalyst for greater geographic health

But hadn’t worked with the community


Dimensions of the whole

1. Developing of the right mind:  to see how life is working

2. Systems of the place:  includes economics, in the social system

3.  Value added processes:  how does life add value, otherwise, aren’t participating in evolution


Can’t look at life as if it’s an organization chart

U.S. army chart of Afghan force

  • Stop thinking mechanically

Living systems are really complex, have to work from patterns


Life is dynamic and evolving, not mechanical

  • It’s not a what, it’s who
  • Requires an interative process, including all parties, issues and nature

Humans have a positive role to play

  • Better than feeling guilty
  • Humans aren’t bad
  • Time to reunderstand
  • Not living lightly with the land, but living fully with the land

Patterns are how to hold wholes

  • Building the capabilility to build it, love it, tend it

Need a storying process:  hold past, present future

  • Engage community
  • Parables make the complex comprehensible
  • Time for restorying

If you want to build a ship, don’t herd people together to collect wood, and don’t assign them tasks and work, but instead teach them to long for the endless immensity of the sea



How to approach our task of Sipoo?  The who?  Participation workshops, wandering site, reading materials?

  • Fairly simple process
  • Don’t hold big meetings, get loudmouths
  • Have kitchen table conversations with small groups of people to learn the community
  • Gather data, although it’s not sufficient, could be a waste of time
  • Client had spent 10 years and $10M gathering a room of data, data isn’t understanding
  • Want tracking skills, animal tracking through woods, not just one piece of data, but two or three corroborrating views
  • Looking for 10,000 foot view, repeatable patterns of data
  • Can do this in 2 weeks, if have the skills sets
  • Systems ecologists and systems biologists, permaculturalists can get a handle, trackers are best
  • Tracking people, data, how life works, how life has worked in the past
  • e.g. looking as a child, a teenager, as a young adult

Comment: approach of 3 generations back and 3 generations forward.  Sibbesborg has a history and a future

  • Have to take in the good and the bad



David Ing blogs at coevolving.com , photoblogs at daviding.com , and microblogs at http://ingbrief.wordpress.com . See .

Tagged with: , , ,
Posted in Talk Video Streaming

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s

Beyond this media queue
This content is syndicated to Twitter. For professional perspectives, look to Coevolving Innovations; for a photoblog, look to Reflections, Distractions.
  • Open Innovation Learning, Book Launch
    Video and audio recordings of the launch of my book, Open Innovation Learning, may be a more accessible preliminary way into the content, with the open access publication better as a reference.
  • Eight infographics on Systems Methods (UToronto iSchool 2018)
    The UToronto iSchool graduate student groups created 8 infographics reflecting impressions on the systems methods most relevant to their research in winter 2018.
  • Negotiating Order with Generative Pattern Language
    A workshop at PLoP 2017 framed dialogue as "Creating Order of" and "Negotiating Order with" frames of reference, to encourage collective sensemaking
  • Exploring the Context of Pattern Languages
    Pattern language is not for wicked problems, said Max Jacobson, coauthor with Christopher Alexander of the 1977 A Pattern Language: Towns, Building, Construction.  In addition, the conventional definition of an Alexandrian pattern as “a solution to a problem in context” when applied to social change might better use the term “intervention”, rather than “solu […]
  • Multiparadigm Inquiry Generating Service Systems Thinking
    Expanding pattern language to service systems through multiparadigm inquiry sweeps in research by scholars contemporaneous to Christopher Alexander.
  • Christopher Alexander, Horst Rittel, C. West Churchman
    Christopher Alexander (pattern languages), Horst Rittel (wicked problems) and C. West Churchman (the systems approach) were neighbours on campus at U.C. Berkeley in the 1960s and 1970s. What might we synthesize from their joint wisdom?
  • 2018/05 Moments May 2018
    Barely recovered from jet lag from China, bounced back to west coast for some continuing research. Returned home as spring turns into summer.
  • 2018/03 Moments March 2018
    A month in Toronto, as I came out of the Air Cast for my Achilles Tendon injury from December, and started physiotherapy.
  • 2018/04 Moments April 2018
    Relearning to walk, after ankle in cast, across Shanghai, Wuhan and Vancouver, with DY as my sherpa.
  • 2018/02 Moments February 2018
    A second month when the only occasions to leave the house required my spouse to accompany me.
  • 2018/01 Moments January 2018
    Ankle in a cast, a limited mobility month, maximum 10km from home
  • 2017/12 Moments December 2017
    Completed round-the-world trip Helsinki-Hameenlinna-London, then busy holiday season including an Achilles tendon injury from parkour, and our da shou Double 60 celebration.
  • The Systems Approach and its Enemies Helps Us Find the Morality of a Revised Democracy | van Gigch | 2006
    In a book series celebrating C. West Churchman, John P. van Gigch digests (and portends to extend) The Systems Approach and its Enemies. On enemies … 4.1 A MATTER OF DEFINITIONS: ADVERSARIES VERSUS ENEMIES I note the similarity/difference between the words ‘enemy’ and ‘adversary.’ Other authors use the word adversary (ies) to denote all the […]
  • Restoring Legitimacy to the Systems Approach | Clinton J. Andrews | 2000
    A public policy professor, Clinton J. Andrews, looks at how The Systems Approach may encounter problems in skepticism from engineering practice. The systems approach is one general way of going about tackling a problem; some others include the experimental, political, moral, religious, and aesthetic approaches [1,p. 5], [2]. The systems approach to a problem […]
  • The Systems Approach: Its Variety of Aspects | Richard Mattessich | 1982
    An informed view of the Systems Approach from 1982.  (Richard Mattessich was a well-respected professor at UBC when I started in the doctoral program in 1982, but I wouldn’t get to appreciate the Systems Approach as described by C. West Churchman until the ISSS 1998 meeting). In his latest work [The Systems Approach and its […]
  • A logic model for philanthropic effectiveness | Peter Frumkin | 2006
    Program evaluation can be approached from the philanthropic perspective. In searching for ways to give money effectively, donors have many options and confront a wide range of theories about how to achieve impact. It is possible to think about these theories as falling into three main categories: theories of change, theories of leverage, and theories […]
  • Program Logic Models and Theory of Change | Kellogg Foundation | 2004
    From the program evaluation community, with the W.K. Kellogg Foundation … The program logic model is defined as a picture of how your organization does its work – the theory and assumptions underlying the program. A program logic model links outcomes (both short- and long-term) with program activities/processes and the theoretical assumptions/principles of t […]
  • Restoring Manjaro Grub after Ubuntu upgrade
    On a multi-boot Linux computer where Ubuntu has already been installed, adding on Manjaro Linux installs its own version of Grub (that I’ll call Arch-Grub) that is different but compatible with that previously installed (that I’ll call Debian-Grub). Updating Ubuntu to a newer version (or installing an older version) restores Debian-Grub, replacing the workin […]
I welcome your e-mail. If you don't have my address, here's a contact page.
%d bloggers like this: