Keynote August 2015 @JimSpohrer ACM International Computing Education Research (ICER) Conference, Omaha, Nebraska
Slides available at http://www.slideshare.net/spohrer/spohrer-icer-20150810-v1.
[00:00 slide 1] Doug Englebart, Augmentation theory
- See Douglas C. Engelbart, “Augmenting Human Intellect” A Conceptual Framework”, SRI Summary Report AFOSR-3223, October 1962 at http://www.dougengelbart.org/pubs/augment-3906.html
- There’s an annotated list of Englebart papers at http://web.stanford.edu/dept/SUL/library/extra4/sloan/mousesite/EngelbartPapers/Contents.html
[12:35 slide 10] Albert Einstein: I fear the day that technology will surpass our human interaction. We will have a generation of idiots.
- On Quote Investigator (2013), Garson O’Toole believes that this is a dubious ascription to Einstein, at http://quoteinvestigator.com/2013/03/19/tech-surpass/. On Gizmodo (2014), Matt Novak traces the origins to an altered version of a manufactured quote from the 1995 movie, Powder. See http://paleofuture.gizmodo.com/7-famous-quotes-about-the-future-that-are-actually-fake-1631236877.
[13:55 slide 11] Intelligent Personal Assistant (in wikipedia)
[27:30 slide 26] Intelligence Augmentation (Englebart’s Vision)
[31:20 slide 28] T-Shaped Makers
[33:00 slide 30] By 2035, no one drives. Cars drive themselves.
[38:00 slide 31] Responsibility: Can people drive today without getting a driver’s license? Shouldn’t they understand some of the science behind it?
[38:45 slides 32-35] Natural systems (explain external phenomena), cognitive systems (explain internal phenomena), service systems (describe people interacting in win-win ways — value co-creation phenomena)
[40:15 slide 37] Cognitive Mediators, Smart Service System
“The difference between a service system and a cognitive system? My dog is a cognitive system, by the way. I love my dog. But my dog has no rights and responsibilities. Young children, elderly people with dementia, they’re cognitive systems, but they don’t have as many rights and responsibilities, as us mature and responsible people. The way a cognitive system becomes a service system is when it sets up the rights and responsibilities that go along with being a member of a very productive society”.
Here’s the original abstract from http://icer.hosting.acm.org/icer-2015/icer-2015-keynote/.
After briefly surveying the history of knowledge, computing, programming, and software engineering, computing education will be reframed as empowering makers in the cognitive era. The makers’ movement is about the democratization of the tools of self-expression and production. From global cloud-based deployment of apps on smart phones to nano-manipulation of advanced materials in custom jewelry and clothing with open designs downloadable for 3D printers, software empowers makers to co-create value in smart service systems. Smart service systems are based on provider platforms that enable customer to interact and co-create value together. In addition, cognitive assistants for all business occupations and societal roles are beginning to appear democratizing access to knowledge and expertise in smart service systems.
Teaching about the elegance, not just correctness, of solutions and how they serve customers wants, needs, and aspiration will be of increasing importance. The implications for a next generation of students who “make a job, not just take a job” even before graduation will be explored. Also, issues of sustainability and resilience of smart service systems with empowered makers in the cognitive era will be explored. Rethinking the rights and responsibilities of empowered makers at all ages will require an especially close examination of the way teamwork is encouraged and rewarded in families, neighborhoods, and educational institutions.