Sustainable Development Goals must sustain people and planet, experts say | March 20, 2013 | sciencedaily.com March 24, 2013Posted by daviding in Talk Video Streaming.
Tags: development, sustainability
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Six Sustainable Development goals from U.N. to supersede Millennium Development Goals that expire 2015, based on new appreciation of anthropocene.
In the wake of last week’s meetings at the UN on the definition of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), a group of international scientists have published a call in the journal Nature today, arguing for a set of six SDGs that link poverty eradication to protection of Earth’s life support. The researchers argue that in the face of increasing pressure on the planet’s ability to support life, adherence to out-dated definitions of sustainable development threaten to reverse progress made in developing countries over past decades. [....]
The team asserts that the classic model of sustainable development, of three integrated pillars — economic, social and environmental — that has served nations and the UN for over a decade, is flawed because it does not reflect reality. “As the global population increases towards nine billion people sustainable development should be seen as an economy serving society within Earth’s life support system, not as three pillars,” says co-author Dr. Priya Shyamsundar from the South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics, Nepal.
The researchers say that the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), set to expire in 2015, have helped focus international efforts on eight poverty-related goals. However, despite successes in some areas — the number of people living on less than one dollar a day has been more than halved — many MDGs have not been met, and some remain in conflict with one another. Economic gains, for example, have come at the expense of environmental protection. Politicians are struggling to link global environmental concerns with addressing poverty.
The new set of goals — thriving lives and livelihoods, food security, water security, clean energy, healthy and productive ecosystems, and governance for sustainable societies — aim to resolve this conflict. The targets beneath each goal include updates and expanded targets under the MDGs, including ending poverty and hunger, combating HIV/aids, and improving maternal and child health. But they also define a set of planetary “must haves”: climate stability, the reduction biodiversity loss, protection of ecosystem services, a healthy water cycle and oceans, sustainable nitrogen and phosphorus use, clean air and sustainable material use.
Sustainable Development Goals must sustain people and planet, experts say | March 20, 2013 | sciencedaily.com at http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/03/130320155228.htm. The full article is Griggs, David, Mark Stafford-Smith, Owen Gaffney, Johan Rockström, Marcus C. Öhman, Priya Shyamsundar, Will Steffen, Gisbert Glaser, Norichika Kanie, and Ian Noble. 2013. “Policy: Sustainable Development Goals for People and Planet.” Nature 495 (7441) (March 21): 305–307. doi:10.1038/495305a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/495305a.
“Ending poverty and safeguarding Earth’s life support system must be the twin priorities for the Sustainable Development Goals, says Johan Rockström, centre director and a co-author of the Nature article.
Together with the international team he identified six goals that, if met, would contribute to global sustainability while helping to alleviate poverty. [....]
The new set of goals — thriving lives and livelihoods, food security, water security, clean energy, healthy and productive ecosystems, and governance for sustainable societies — aim to resolve this conflict. The targets beneath each goal include updates and expanded targets under the MDGs, including ending poverty and hunger, combating HIV/aids, and improving maternal and child health.
But also a set of planetary “must haves”: climate stability, reducing biodiversity loss, protection of ecosystem services, a healthy water cycle and oceans, sustainable nitrogen and phosphorus use, clean air and sustainable material use.
From “Redefining sustainable development” | March 20, 2013 | Stockholm Resilience Centre at http://www.stockholmresilience.org/21/research/research-news/3-20-2013-redefining-sustainable-development.html
The sidebar at the Stockholm Resilience Centre has a pointer to “Future Earth” as a 10-year international research initiative at the ICSU International Council for Science.
Russell Ackoff’s 87th Birthday Celebration (video) | UNAM, Mexico City | February 2006 February 17, 2013Posted by daviding in Talk Video Streaming.
Tags: ackoff, assumptions, development
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What’s the difference between a forecast and an assumption? Ackoff illustrates through the metaphor of preparing for a flat tire. What’s the difference between development and charity? Teaching a man to fish, versus giving a man a fish.
Ackoff at UNAM — The National Autonomous University of Mexico
Javier Livas kindly shared the video that he took from the talk given by late Russell Ackoff at the conference on “Participation and Development: The Mexico of the Future.” The conference was in Mexico City: Celebrating Russell L. Ackoff’s 87th Anniversary, February 14 – 15, 2006.
Russ Ackoff had a long history of collaboration with Mexican scholars and professionals since the early 60’s. His planning methodology has been put into practice in several instances along a variety of institutions and corporations. All of the projects he has been involved in are unmistakably geared towards development with emphasis in stakeholder participation. His books in systems thinking, organizational design, development and other topics are widely used in Mexican universities. Many Mexican students as well as professionals have benefited from his thought by directly interacting with him as graduate students, in seminars, consulting or through personal communication.
The National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) through the Institutes of Applied Mathematics and Systems (IIMAS), Engineering (II) and The School of Engineering (FI) organized the Symposium honoring Dr. Ackoff, focused on participation, development and the Mexico of the future.
To watch the video, click on the following link: ACKOFF AT UNAM
Video surfaced at “Ackoff at UNAM — The National Autonomous University of Mexico” | February 8, 2013 | Ackoff Collaboratory for Advancement fo the Systems Approach at http://ackoffcenter.blogs.com/ackoff_center_weblog/2013/02/ackoff-at-unam-the-national-autonomous-university-of-mexico.html.
[The video is supplemented with a photographic montage at the outset, and then settles in to a hand-held lecture]
Robert “r0ml” Lefkowitz, “Exceptional Software Explained: Embrace Error” (MP3 audio), O’Reilly Media Open Source Conference, 2008/07/22 May 24, 2010Posted by daviding in Talk Audio Download.
Tags: development, lefkowitz, methodology, oratory, software
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Lefkowitz always provides an entertaining and provocative perspective on software development with strong philosophical foundations.
After realizing that no overriding methodology existed for the development of open source software, Robert Lefkowitz set about trying to develop one. After looking at various models for general software development, he found that they had similar stages of creation and implementation. And he found that these stages dovetailed nicely with Quintilian’s Institutes of Oratory, a model for persuasive argument.
Using Quintilian’s steps, Lefkowitz discusses how he developed a working model for open source software development that would take into consideration issues specific to it, such as the role of community (trying to get everyone in IT to agree to the steps and to keep them posted on their cubicles), and the need to design programs that can handle exceptions (because there is no development, only maintenance.)
In this way, companies can create exceptional software and embrace a process where errors are not a bad thing.
Greg Wilson, “High-Performance Computing Considered Harmful” (MP3 audio), Jon Udell’s Interviews with Innovators, itconversations.com, 2008/05/20 February 16, 2010Posted by daviding in Talk Audio Download.
Tags: correctness, development, productivity, reproducibility, sofware
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Computer science is more than writing the most efficient code.
Greg Wilson recently gave a talk entitled High-Performance Computing Considered Harmful. On this edition of Interviews with Innovators, Wilson explains why HPC can’t be all about speed and power. Instead, we must also care, more than we have in the past, about human productivity, correctness, and reproducibility.
Greg Wilson holds a Ph.D. in Computer Science from the University of Edinburgh, and has worked on high-performance scientific computing, data visualization, and computer security. He is now an Assistant Professor in Computer Science at the University of Toronto, where his primary research interest is lightweight software engineering for computational science. Wilson is on the editorial boards of “Doctor Dobb’s Journal” and “Computing in Science and Engineering”.
Dambisa Moyo, “Is Aid Dead? Foreign Aid and Development” (MP3 audio), Council on Foreign Relations, 2009/04/21 September 15, 2009Posted by daviding in Uncategorized.
Tags: Dambisa Moyo, development, foreign aid
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Does foreign aid help the development of third world countries, or inhibit it?
Roundtable Meeting: Global Health Roundtable: Is Aid Dead? A Discussion with Dambisa Moyo on Foreign Aid and Development
Paul Collier, “The Bottom Billion”, Econtalk, 2008/01/28 December 23, 2008Posted by daviding in Talk Audio Download.
Tags: collier, development, poor, third world
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Lifting poor economics out of the depths has complications that we often don’t consider in the first world.
Paul Collier of Oxford University talks about the ideas in his recent book, The Bottom Billion, an analysis of why the poorest countries in the world fail to grow. He talks about conflict, natural resources, being landlocked, and bad governance, four factors he identifies as causes of the desperate poverty and stagnation in the countries where 1/6 of the world’s poorest peoples live.