Sustainable Development Goals must sustain people and planet, experts say | March 20, 2013 | sciencedaily.com March 24, 2013Posted by daviding in Talk Video Streaming.
Tags: development, sustainability
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Six Sustainable Development goals from U.N. to supersede Millennium Development Goals that expire 2015, based on new appreciation of anthropocene.
In the wake of last week’s meetings at the UN on the definition of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), a group of international scientists have published a call in the journal Nature today, arguing for a set of six SDGs that link poverty eradication to protection of Earth’s life support. The researchers argue that in the face of increasing pressure on the planet’s ability to support life, adherence to out-dated definitions of sustainable development threaten to reverse progress made in developing countries over past decades. [....]
The team asserts that the classic model of sustainable development, of three integrated pillars — economic, social and environmental — that has served nations and the UN for over a decade, is flawed because it does not reflect reality. “As the global population increases towards nine billion people sustainable development should be seen as an economy serving society within Earth’s life support system, not as three pillars,” says co-author Dr. Priya Shyamsundar from the South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics, Nepal.
The researchers say that the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), set to expire in 2015, have helped focus international efforts on eight poverty-related goals. However, despite successes in some areas — the number of people living on less than one dollar a day has been more than halved — many MDGs have not been met, and some remain in conflict with one another. Economic gains, for example, have come at the expense of environmental protection. Politicians are struggling to link global environmental concerns with addressing poverty.
The new set of goals — thriving lives and livelihoods, food security, water security, clean energy, healthy and productive ecosystems, and governance for sustainable societies — aim to resolve this conflict. The targets beneath each goal include updates and expanded targets under the MDGs, including ending poverty and hunger, combating HIV/aids, and improving maternal and child health. But they also define a set of planetary “must haves”: climate stability, the reduction biodiversity loss, protection of ecosystem services, a healthy water cycle and oceans, sustainable nitrogen and phosphorus use, clean air and sustainable material use.
Sustainable Development Goals must sustain people and planet, experts say | March 20, 2013 | sciencedaily.com at http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/03/130320155228.htm. The full article is Griggs, David, Mark Stafford-Smith, Owen Gaffney, Johan Rockström, Marcus C. Öhman, Priya Shyamsundar, Will Steffen, Gisbert Glaser, Norichika Kanie, and Ian Noble. 2013. “Policy: Sustainable Development Goals for People and Planet.” Nature 495 (7441) (March 21): 305–307. doi:10.1038/495305a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/495305a.
“Ending poverty and safeguarding Earth’s life support system must be the twin priorities for the Sustainable Development Goals, says Johan Rockström, centre director and a co-author of the Nature article.
Together with the international team he identified six goals that, if met, would contribute to global sustainability while helping to alleviate poverty. [....]
The new set of goals — thriving lives and livelihoods, food security, water security, clean energy, healthy and productive ecosystems, and governance for sustainable societies — aim to resolve this conflict. The targets beneath each goal include updates and expanded targets under the MDGs, including ending poverty and hunger, combating HIV/aids, and improving maternal and child health.
But also a set of planetary “must haves”: climate stability, reducing biodiversity loss, protection of ecosystem services, a healthy water cycle and oceans, sustainable nitrogen and phosphorus use, clean air and sustainable material use.
From “Redefining sustainable development” | March 20, 2013 | Stockholm Resilience Centre at http://www.stockholmresilience.org/21/research/research-news/3-20-2013-redefining-sustainable-development.html
The sidebar at the Stockholm Resilience Centre has a pointer to “Future Earth” as a 10-year international research initiative at the ICSU International Council for Science.
Tags: careers, computer science, jobs
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“Over the next 10 years, there will be 1.4 million jobs in computer science, and only about 400,000 grads qualified for those job”.
Learn about a new “superpower” that isn’t being taught in 90% of US schools.
Starring Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg, will.i.am, Chris Bosh, Jack Dorsey, Tony Hsieh, Drew Houston, Gabe Newell, Ruchi Sanghvi, Elena Silenok, Vanessa Hurst, and Hadi Partovi.
Directed by Leslie Chilcott. Executive producers Hadi and Ali Partovi
What Most Schools Don’t Teach (web video) | Feb. 26, 2013 | code.org at http://youtu.be/dU1xS07N-FA
Dr. Lorelei Lingard | Collective Competence (web video) | September 13, 2012 | TedX Bayfield March 7, 2013Posted by daviding in Talk Video Streaming.
Tags: competence, systems, thinking
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Not infrequently, competent individuals come together to form an incompetent team, says Lorelei Lingard.
Joe got competent care in hospital. He recovered from his pneumonia. He got competent care from his family doctor, his diabetes specialist, his homecare nurses and the pharmacist. Each of those individuals, within their scope of practice, and acting on the information at hand, did the right thing for Joe. But the sum total of those care events is not overall competent care for Joe. [around 4:50]
Now this is a very complex problem, and it’s being tackled from a number of different angles. Systems engineers are trying to understand it better, to improve the situation. Organizational scientists are trying to work on it. Sociologists are working on it. Tonight, I’m going to shed some light on this problem from my perspective of a communications researcher trying to improve medical education. [around 5:20]
There are significant barriers that make it difficult for individual competence to translate into collective competence. I’m going to focus on three. [around 5:45]
The first is scientific reductionism. This refers to the way that we tackle complex scientific phenomena, by breaking them down into their component parts. [....] [around 6:00]
The second barrier between individual and collective competence is specialization. [....] [around 6:20]
The third barrier between individual and collective competence is the very concept of individual competence itself. The goal of producing an individually competent healthcare provider, with their own specific tightly-bounded expertise drives everything: in health profession education generally, and medical education specifically. [around 7:00]
Together, and kind of paradoxically, these three factors combine, to produce one of healthcare’s greatest weaknesses. That is, that providers work in isolation from one other, each person focused on the particular issue about which they are an expert. When that happens, patients can fall into the cracks between the individually competent healthcare providers. [around 8:00]
What do we need to adapt from? I would argue that we need to adapt from our exclusive focus on the goal of individual competence. Individual competence is a set of pervasive, and rarely challenged assumptions. It’s not unique to medical education, it’s true of education everywhere.
I would like to touch on three ways in which we are, right now, moving towards collective competence. [around 12:20]
Joe travels through the healthcare system more quickly than his healthcare information does. We have the technology to address this problem, to move information more efficiently. One example … is the global medication electronic record. [around 13:40]
The shift to delivery primary care through family health teams. [....]
The third way in which we’re moving toward collective competence is a more strategic way. [....] Take a look at the healthcare system, find those points in the system where a failure of collective competence can have dire consequences, and build initiatives to support collective competence in those moments.
Lorelei Lingard is founding director and senior scienist at the Centre for Education Research and Innovation, at the Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, at the Western University. Here’s her bio:
Dr. Lorelei Lingard is a leading researcher in the study of communication and collaboration on healthcare teams. She is a Professor in the Department of Medicine at the University of Western Ontario (UWO) and the inaugural Director of the Centre for Education Research & Innovation at the Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry. Dr. Lingard obtained her Ph.D. in Rhetoric from the English Department at Simon Fraser University, specializing in rhetorical theory, genre theory, medical discourse, and qualitative methodology. As a rhetorician, she investigates ‘language as social action’: that is, how social groups use language to get things done, and how that language acts on them, their identities, their purposes, their situations, and their relationships. Her research program has investigated the nature of communication on inter-professional healthcare teams in a variety of clinical settings, including the operating room, the intensive care unit, the internal medicine ward, the adult rehabilitation unit, and the family health centre.
Via TedX Bayfield, Theme: Adaptation at http://www.ted.com/tedx/events/4674.
The Complicated Chinese Family Tree (streaming video) | Feb. 26, 2013 | Off the Great Wall March 7, 2013Posted by daviding in Talk Video Streaming.
Tags: address, chinese, family, relatives, title
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Addressing Chinese extended family members is complicated, as it’s about each individual’s relation to the other. Relatives are called not by their given names, but by the social tie. The complicatedness is further confused as as person older than yourself (e.g. younger cousin) gets address differently from an person younger than yourself … and the gender factors in, too.
Did you know that every member of a Chinese family is called something different? Depending on whether it’s from your mom’s side or your dad’s side and their seniority? It gets quite confusing, so we will draw it out for you in a family tree and hope you can learn some Chinese along the way! Please don’t mind our terrible handwriting!
Watch the behind the scenes on how we created the family tree:http://e.ntd.tv/WefUsf
Note: There are still many more ways to call the same person, for example husband’s mother can be called 家姑，家婆，婆婆 or 奶奶. This all depends on where you are from. To keep it simple, we just chose the more generic terms.
Subscribe for more Off the Great Wall:http://e.ntd.tv/SubscribeOTGW
Another reason for trepidation in visiting the ancestral village this summer!
Video at The Complicated Chinese Family Tree (streaming video) | Feb. 26, 2013 | Off the Great Wall http://youtu.be/nCFRoILS1jY
John Hagel | Rethinking Race Against the Machines (web video) | Dec. 17, 2012 | Big Think (on Youtube) February 23, 2013Posted by daviding in Talk Video Streaming.
Tags: hagel, pull, push, race against the machine
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Innovate by Racing WITH the Machine, says @jhagel, extending @erikbryn and @amcafee Racing Against the Machine where technology is an engine of change, leading to automation taking away jobs. Counter with new work practices and institutions.
The traditional industrial push model of right people, right place, right time, following tightly activities to respond to demand where creativity not required can more easily be taken over by machines that are more predictable and reliable than human beings.
Opinion expressed by John Hagel | Rethinking Race Against the Machines (web video) | Dec. 17, 2012 | Big Think at http://youtu.be/XPHwzJS8mRY
Russell Ackoff’s 87th Birthday Celebration (video) | UNAM, Mexico City | February 2006 February 17, 2013Posted by daviding in Talk Video Streaming.
Tags: ackoff, assumptions, development
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What’s the difference between a forecast and an assumption? Ackoff illustrates through the metaphor of preparing for a flat tire. What’s the difference between development and charity? Teaching a man to fish, versus giving a man a fish.
Ackoff at UNAM — The National Autonomous University of Mexico
Javier Livas kindly shared the video that he took from the talk given by late Russell Ackoff at the conference on “Participation and Development: The Mexico of the Future.” The conference was in Mexico City: Celebrating Russell L. Ackoff’s 87th Anniversary, February 14 – 15, 2006.
Russ Ackoff had a long history of collaboration with Mexican scholars and professionals since the early 60’s. His planning methodology has been put into practice in several instances along a variety of institutions and corporations. All of the projects he has been involved in are unmistakably geared towards development with emphasis in stakeholder participation. His books in systems thinking, organizational design, development and other topics are widely used in Mexican universities. Many Mexican students as well as professionals have benefited from his thought by directly interacting with him as graduate students, in seminars, consulting or through personal communication.
The National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) through the Institutes of Applied Mathematics and Systems (IIMAS), Engineering (II) and The School of Engineering (FI) organized the Symposium honoring Dr. Ackoff, focused on participation, development and the Mexico of the future.
To watch the video, click on the following link: ACKOFF AT UNAM
Video surfaced at “Ackoff at UNAM — The National Autonomous University of Mexico” | February 8, 2013 | Ackoff Collaboratory for Advancement fo the Systems Approach at http://ackoffcenter.blogs.com/ackoff_center_weblog/2013/02/ackoff-at-unam-the-national-autonomous-university-of-mexico.html.
[The video is supplemented with a photographic montage at the outset, and then settles in to a hand-held lecture]
“How to design breakthrough inventions” (David Kelley and IDEO profiled by Charlie Rose) | 60 Minutes | January 6, 2013 January 7, 2013Posted by daviding in Talk Video Streaming.
Tags: design thinking, ideo
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Design thinking profile by 60 Minutes (via @jp2consult) of David Kelley at Ideo and Stanford U. Includes history with Steve Jobs and Apple, and ties with Stanford D-School.
“How to design breakthrough inventions” (David Kelley and IDEO profiled by Charlie Rose) | 60 Minutes | January 6, 2013 at http://www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/?id=50138327n (where “web extras” are available).
Ward Cunningham | “Federation” | Oct. 24, 2012 | Realtime Conference December 13, 2012Posted by daviding in Talk Video Streaming.
Tags: collaboration, federation, wiki
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@WardCunningham suggests the feedback loop is faster with a publish-and-review strategy, rather than a review-and-publish strategy. The Wikipedia Neutral-Point-of-View works for history, but for future-oriented or individually-oriented content, there needs to be room for a chorus of voices.
[0:45] What does open data really need, especially in corporate environment, to be able to be share, and not be afraid of sharing?
[0:55] I’ve developed a new wiki, and it’s called the Federated Wiki.
[1:00] The project, which started before this application, was called the Smallest Federated Wiki, and did that at the Indie Web Camp.
[1:15]It reminded me that I was always guiltly that the everybody was bringing content to my site. When they finally said “why I am making Ward famous, I ought to start a blog”, I said yeah, you should. A lot of the real talent that was authoring on wiki — which was about patterns, and then design, and then extreme programming, and then agile — it was all hammered out on that site.
[1:50] Wikis have settled in, and made me famous.
7:15 Instead of having a review and publish strategy, I had a publish and then review strategy. [....] The feedback loop is 10 times faster, in some cases 100 times faster than on a traditional publication. [...] It had good signal-to-noise ratio, because I had a good feedback loop.
[9:00] Another thing that happened was the notion of recent changes. you could always find out about what people were talking about now. [....] That meant that you go away for a week, and come back, and catch up in an hour.
[10:30] This brings me to federation. [....]
[10:50] Let’s not all have our own wikis and just write to our own and read everybody else’s. It’s kind of like the blogosphere, except that we put enough affordance in there that it really does feel like a wiki. [...]
[11:10] There’s so much that we do with distributed computers, so that that distributed computer feels like one computer. Making that distributed computer feel like a bunch of computers is going to be good way to be for a number of things.
[11:30] In decision making, there’s something called groupthink. You have a pretty good idea, but somebody else mentions his pretty good idea, and it just shuts you down. You say, his pretty good idea is actually better than my pretty good idea, I’m going to forget my pretty good idea. But if you’re in a small community, isolated from that other pretty good idea, you can bat your idea around with a few people near you, and get it to be a really excellent idea, and it might have more potential than the other one. So, keeping thought leaders separate for a little while actually improves the quality of thinking.
[12:10] This is something that doesn’t happen on Wikipedia. They have a different rule. They say, everyone is editing the same pages, but you’re required to have a Neutral Point of View. If you’re talking about history, where it is possible, with enough consulting and references to assert that you really do have a Neutral Point of View, you can get away with it. It works on Wikipedia.
[12:35] But if you’re talking about forward-looking things, where it’s not clear what the right way to go is — and my work recently has been in sustainability, and I know there’s going to be change in the future, and I just want to inform that with good data — anything that is future oriented or individually oriented, there needs to be room for a chorus of voices. There needs to be a lot of ideas where we can make them all possible to express.
[13:15] With the idea of federation, I’m thinking that everyone brings something to the conversation. If all you’re bringing is spam to the conversation, you’re not going to get much attention.
[13:35] You bring some of your own storage, you bring your own bandwidth, you bring some of your own value that you might find unique. You have the opportunity to make your voice heard.
[14:00] On the blog, every time you start, you start on a blank page. On a wiki, you found a conversation, and improved it just a little. You take that idea that no one starts from a blank slate.
[15:30] One person asked me once, he said wikis are pretty neat, but do they have to be so ugly? The answer is yes, basically they do. If you make it beautiful, then anyone who can’t match your beauty is closed out of the conversation.
[19.30] This [page] comes up, and looks for something useful to its left. I don’t look anywhere, I just look to my left. These came off different websites. One came off my home web site, but the graph came off of my laptop. This data doesn’t meet until it shows up in my browser.
[21:40] As I write on this, I’m making stuff for myself, and then just sharing it widely. If somebody finds value in it, that’s great. I don’t have to write carefully. I said does wiki have to be ugly? It helps to be able to write casually.
[22:00] I call it incremental paragraphs. I write fragments, just thoughts, and I want to type as fast as I can. [....] But then I evolve into more powerful words. Here, I’m taking this fragmented ideas, and saying “if I had to name that today, what would I name that”? What are the powerful words that I should use in a sentence. This is inching towards making a new page.
[23:20] I write paragraphs that are standalone. Sometimes they get a little bigger. But it they get much bigger than that, hyperlink. I already thought about those names, push it off onto names.
[23:35] Sociologically, I think this is profound. I don’t like writing, but I do like being in a community. This is wiki for the Twitter generation.
[32:30] I’ve been focused on three things. Federation, refactoring, and applying those two to open data.
More videos by Ward Cunningham on Federated Wiki can be found at http://wardcunningham.github.com/
Ward Cunningham | “Federated Wiki Mashes Data in Your Browser” | May 31, 2012 | Fluent 2012 December 13, 2012Posted by daviding in Talk Video Streaming.
Tags: cunningham, federated, git, wiki
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Ward Cunningham, inventor of wiki, rethinks wiki as a way of sharing data.
Our new wiki innovates three ways. It shares through federation, composes by refactoring and wraps data with visualization.
The result is computing where content can be copied and forked with personal points of view, learning from the distributed parallelism featured in Git technology. Cunningham says (about about 11:15):
This is going to make a kind of wiki where it isn’t a promise of a Neutral Point of View, but it’s a promise of attention to outcomes, attention to measurement. You can have an opinion about how we should live our lives in the future, but you’ve got to tie that to realistic data. In the blogosphere, you’ll have people off on one side yelling at people on the other side. On Wikipedia, you have one place, and they all have to get along with this kind of Neutral Point of View. I have something in between, where it’s kind of like the blogosphere where you get to be yourself, but it’s kind of like the wiki, where there’s a lot of incentive for understanding each other through all of this the copying, and there’s data to be explained.
This is one of a series of videos on the Smallest Federated Wiki at http://wardcunningham.github.com/
Unlock the 007 in you | Oct., Nov. 2012 | cokezero December 6, 2012Posted by daviding in Talk Video Streaming.
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Challenging unprepared players for a 70-second adventure was described as “Gamification in Marketing” by Mind At Focus. The resulting web video is practically as engaging as the 007 movie it promotes.
Equally entertaining is how some players are blocked or otherwise distracted from achieving a win.
“Disrupting a hundred-year-old institution” | Tuula Teeri, president, Aalto University | Nov. 22, 2012 | slush.fi December 6, 2012Posted by daviding in Talk Video Streaming.
Tags: aalto university, disruption, finland
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Aalto U. as a kind of startup, says Tuula Teeri, president, responding to disruptions in a changing world.
Some points from her talk.
- Disruption from forests to ecosystems, from mobile phones to smartphones, from printed news to tablet publications, from lecture hall to online learning.
- University reform in Finland from 2010: Aalto University as a merged university from Helsinki University of Technology, School of Art and Design Helsinki, and Helsinki School of Economics.
- Gave universities more autonomy, and now have to prove it’s been the right decision
- Extra funding from government for 5 years, plus endowment capital.
- The top ten jobs in 2010 didn’t exist in 2004, says Sony.
- the amount of new technical information doubles every two years, which means that half of what is taught to students in first year is outdated by their third year in university.
- The answer: bottom up initiatives, in multidisciolinary learning by doing in Design Factory, Media Factory and Service Factory — using theoretical knowledge in real-world problems.
- New learning environments, Aalto on Waves on boats, and Aalto on Tracks on trains, not just learning events, designed with students.
- Open Innovation House new in 2012.
- Aalto Center for Entrepreneurship, will have education and research into building an effective innovation accelerator.
Chrystia Freeland | “Wealth Disparity, Income Inequality” | Nov. 30, 2012 | rotman.utoronto.ca December 4, 2012Posted by daviding in Talk Video Streaming.
Tags: freeland, plutocracy, rich
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After the book on Plutocracy by @cafreeland started in 2008, she thought the Global Financial Crisis would end that title, but it’s turned out that the gap between the Super-Rich and the poor has widened even more.
SPEAKER: Chrystia Freeland, Global Editor-at-Large and Columnist, Reuters News; Author, Plutocrats: The Rise of the New Global Super-Rich and the Fall of Everyone Else (Penguin, 2012)
TOPIC: Wealth Disparity, Income Inequality, and the New Global Elite; Social and Economic History Experts Speaker Series @ Rotman
Taped November 30, 2012
Clay Shirky | How the Internet will (one day) transform government | June 2012 | ted.com October 30, 2012Posted by daviding in Talk Video Streaming.
Tags: github, open government
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The idea of open source in government isn’t so new, but the extrapolation by @cshirky of Github out of the developers domain into a wider application is new.
On my to-do list is to look at some of the Top 10 Git Tutorials for Beginners.
Clay Shirky | How the Internet will (one day) transform government | June 2012 (published September 2012) | ted.com at http://www.ted.com/talks/clay_shirky_how_the_internet_will_one_day_transform_government.html
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Around one sixth of the world’s population live in India but how do you encourage more of the population to use tablets outside of the already connected cities?
LJ Rich takes a look at the cheap tablets wanting to take a bite out of Apple’s dominance.
The low-cost tablets battling Apple in India | LJ Rich | May 19, 2012 | BBC Click at http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/click_online/9722033.stm.
Andy Stanford-Clark | “Innovation Begins at Home” (web video) | March 22, 2012 | YouTube March 24, 2012Posted by daviding in Talk Video Streaming.
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The Internet of Things, by Andy Stanford-Clark, from innovation at home, into the community and beyond into larger systems of systems.
Dr Andy Stanford-Clark is a Distinguished Engineer and Master Inventor at IBM UK. He specialises in technologies which are helping to make the planet smarter, by analysing and reacting to data from remote sensors. He is Fellow of the British Computer Society and a Visiting Professor at the University of Newcastle.
Andy Stanford-Clark | “Innovation Begins at Home” (web video) | March 22, 2012 | YouTube at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s9nrm8q5eGg.
Geoffrey West, Mathieu Levefre, Carlo Ratti, “Thinking Cities” documentary (web video) | Networked Society series | Ericsson February 27, 2012Posted by daviding in Talk Video Streaming.
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Why do people want to live in cities? What are the impacts as ICT simultaneously rises? Geoffrey West, Mathieu Levefre, Carlo Ratti.
Thinking Cities documentary | Feb. 16, 2012 | ericsson.com at http://www.ericsson.com/networkedsociety/video/56/ (duration 18 minutes)
Thinking Cities deals with one of the most dramatic societal trends happening today: urbanization. The world population is expected to soar to more than 9 billion people by 2050, with roughly 70 percent living in cities. At the same time, Information Communications Technology (ICT) is extending its reach. These parallel trends are intersecting at a time in which the world faces serious economic, environmental, and social challenges in achieving a more sustainable development.
Thinking Cities explores the challenges and opportunities of urbanization in the Networked Society together with leading city thinkers including Geoffrey West, physicist and professor at Santa Fe Institute; Mathieu Lefevre of New Cities Foundation and Carlo Ratti, Director of MIT Senseable City Lab.
Originally surfaced as “Watch A Fascinating Short Film On How Cities Will Drive Global Change” | Morgan Clendaniel | Feb. 20, 2012 | Fast Co.Exist at Watch A Fascinating Short Film On How Cities Will Drive Global Change | Co.Exist: World changing ideas and innovation.
“There’s an enormous realization of the importance of cities. That is true for business, it’s true for government, it’s true for civil society.” So says one of the speakers in Thinking Cities (made by Ericsson as part of their Networked Society series), which you can watch above. As Geoffrey West, a scientist who studies cities, notes in the film, cities are the cause of many of the world’s problems, but are also hubs of innovation that are going to drive the solutions.
Thinking Cities features thought leaders like West, a physicist and professor at Santa Fe Institute; Mathieu Lefevre of New Cities Foundation; and Carlo Ratti, Director of MIT’s Senseable City Lab speaking on what the city means for the future while we take a tour of some of the most innovative smart city projects–from tracking trash to tagging potholes–that are going on in the world today.
Take a look. As one city evangelist says: “The city’s role is to make as easy as possible for people … to live in a smart and sustainable way.” They also tend to make their residents happier. For these and countless other reasons enumerated in the video, cities are the living area of the future. Now it’s time to make them worth the hype.
Interview with Nora Bateson (web video) | Raffaele Cascone | Agenzia Radicale | youtube.com October 25, 2011Posted by daviding in Talk Video Streaming.
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Interview by Raffaele Cascone with Nora Bateson, daughter of Gregory Bateson
“Prophets of Doom: Michael Ruppert, Nathan Hagens, John Cronin, James Howard Kuntsler, Hugo De Garis, Robert Gleason”, History Channel (video), 2011/01 September 18, 2011Posted by daviding in Talk Video Streaming.
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The general public may not want to hear about dystopian futures. Six scientists and investigative journalists gave their perspectives, and then discussed the most impending risks. I watched a rerun on the History Channel (Canada), and note alternative sources.
In the 94 minute show, investigative journalist Michael Ruppert, economist Dr. Nathan Hagens, author John Cronin, investigative journalist/author James Howard Kuntsler, computer scientist Dr. Hugo De Garis, and executive editor Robert Gleason came together to discuss some of the greatest threats to the future of the United States, including economic collapse, water shortages/contamination, peak oil, species dominance by self-aware robots, and nuclear terrorism.
In addition to the summary described in the link above, The Independent Report. emphasizes the impacts of peak oil and debt.
Tags: bill reed, permaculture, sibbesborg, sustainability
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On a post at the Systems Community of Inquiry, Tiina Merikoski asked for comments on a blog post on Aalto Sustainable Communities, linking to Bill Reid’s presentation on the launch of the competition on the design of the Sibbesborg community. While watching this, I took notes.
This digest was created in real-time watching the web video, based on the speaker’s presentation(s) and comments from the audience. The content should not be viewed as an official transcript of the web video, but only as an interpretation by a single individual. Lapses, grammatical errors, and typing mistakes may not have been corrected. Questions about content should be directed to the originator. The digest has been made available for purposes of scholarship, by David Ing.
- Bill Reed, Regenesis, Inc http://regenesisgroup.com , Integrative Design Collaborative http://integrativedesign.net
Brief: the area of development must regarded as a whole
Slide: Framework for the Whole of Sustainability
Technical System Design (red area, more energy required) to Living System Design (green area, less energy required, a whole systems approach)
- Conventional: we build our buildings just one step better than breaking the law
- Green: less bad, energy savings, carbon neutrality
- Sustainable: 100% energy savings, but this is impossible
- People equate carbon neutrality with sustainability too often
- A slower way to die
- Straining the environment less is a slower way to die
- Not much hope
General brief: Gluing indicators together creating a whole … impossible
- Can’t glue pieces of life together
Alvar Aalto: Nothing is as dangerous in architecture as dealing with separate problems
Pieces of Green do not equal sustainability
Masanobu Fukuoka, One Straw Revolution: An object seen in isolation from the whole is not the real thing
Need to shift from looking at objects to looking at relationships
What is a whole, and how do we work with this concept?
What are we sustaining with sustainability?
Audience response: life itself, and possibilities for the next generation
Question: how do we go about doing that?
More efficient energy, clean water, is all important
(referring to first slide framework), Hunter Lovins: all working on the red area does is give us time to work on the green area
Think about the concepts of life, not just efficient transportation, green roofs, energy production
Life equals evolution
Humberto Maturana, describes life is process of becoming
NASA, life in the Genesis project, is the process of imperfect replication
Look at what we’re designing, who we’re designing, and the process of what we are becoming
One way to look at life is to to work with something that is manageable
Can’t have a sustainable building, it’s not living
- An object is not sustainable, because it’s not living
What life requires is working in place, e.g. a watershed, or a community in a watershed, is manageable
- A community doesn’t have boundaries, but yet it does have boundaries
- No line: water, energies, sunlight, soil, animals, people move constantly around boundaries
- Life isn’t an object, but it is an organism
- When looking at organisms, look at relationships and processes
Life is nested
- Even the client / team … in building/infrastructure system … in watershed/ecological system … in social/community ecological system
- No economics: not an end of themselves, just an indicator of healthy or unhealthy flow
- Making economics a purpose is a mistake
Not what this place is, but who this place is
- Describing a person’s physical characteristics doesn’t really describe the person
- Yet that’s the way we describe land
- A better description: relationships, family, dog in the street — gives more data
Let’s start looking at places as who
Example: Same process for cities and rural areas
To understand a place, understand its vocation
Jamie Lerner, architecture/mayor/governor Brasil: every city needs a vocation
A place with a purpose?
Land as a living organism shifts worldview
Mountaints, Three Sisters, Teton Range, Idaho/Wyoming
- Farmland by alluvial stream, Mahogany Creek
- Cleft in middle of mountain: watershed for Mahogany Creek
Developer wanted to put 1000 homes on this farmland
- We believe that humans are part of nature
- Aboriginal groups have word for one life, we divide them
- Past, present and future
- Teton River
- Faint ghost lines of rivers: remnant streams
- Soils map
- When farmers came 1000 years ago, they dammed the creek and took 100% of water to farm the fields
Most farming is bad: agricultural and shelter is how we’re killing the planet: agricultural systems and building systems
- How do we heal the earth, through those two systems?
- We need to change the nature of our farming, and our community building
Was looking for patterns of life
- When farmers blocked the stream, they disconnected the Teton River from the big whole mountains, destroying 3 ecosystems
- 1. Teton River: salmon and trout couldn’t breed
- 2. Farmed the prairie savannah, cut up into sections, preventing the water from flowing down, so beaver, otter, megafauna moose moved away
- Just like hydrological cycle, there’s a nutrient cycle: water takes things downhill, nutrients take things back by fish, insects, birds, megafauna carrying back upstream
- 3. Without fish and animals moving upstream, the Big Hole mountains are now dying
- Even were going to avoid 1000 homes, we will have still destroyed 3 ecosystems
- The nature of the place doesn’t say to maintain the place (it looks green, but it’s not)
- Living bridge between the Teton River and the Big Hole Mountains
With developers, said that this is correct
- Redesigned the homes into tight wedges
- Won’t be home there, but they would have only used 10% of water in the area, enabling the habitat quarters to be restored
Humans have a role to play to heal the planet
Places are unique living organisms
- Have purpose
- Have vocation, calling
- Whether plains, Paris, New York City
- They’re all nested systems
- How to work with them in an intelligent way: patterns, not from data
- Patterns tell us
Every place has a distinctiveness, an essence that identifies them
Working in Baja California, most people think it’s a desert, but 400 years ago it was a scrub oak forest, destroyed by European farming techniques, we could bring it back
Stories hold evolutionary potential
Iriquois seven generation thinking
- Not seven generations in the future, it’s three generations in the past, the present, and three generations into the future
- How we’ve evolved, how we’ve destroyed, and how we can recover
Evolutionary potential, Santa Fe New Mexico
In white human settlers memory, there has been no water on this site
- Water as an activating source for life
Fellow who bought this ranch was going to restore it
- Planted native species
- Got rid of grazing animal
- Planted arroyos to stop erosion
- Called it a day, to let nature take its course
Then heard about permaculturalists (e.g. Bill Lawson), they took a systems approach, looking not only at its existence, but also its potential, in three areas:
- 1. Meteorological conditions: 10 to 12 inches of rain per year, 100 inches of evaporation, means it’s a desert, no surprise, it’s been that way for 5000 years
- 2. Geologic conditions: Soil samples from arroyos, under 4 to 5 centimeters, found rich humus, which could only have come from the bottom of ponds, a head-scratchers
- 3. Cultural conditions: Looking farther out, went 50 to 60 miles out to a town in Colorado, found some old diaries: Wild Bill Williams had come down to trap beaver — beaver in the desert, a double head-scratcher
- First inclination to bring back beaver, but beaver don’t feed on yucca and prickly pear
- Best they could do, was to imitate the pattern of the beaver: they build dams
- They put up 12 1-metre earth dams, and with 18 months, there was a permanent running stream
How did the water come back?
- Came back because it does snow and rain
- Putting up the pattern of beaver knew
- Instead of water shooting off evaporating, dams can recharge the water table
- A stream is an elevated water table
- A permanent running stream on site: the beginning of regeneration, create anew, borne of new spirit
- Every farmer in the valley has been inspired by this
- Have the potential to heal the planet
- If we have the will and understanding, can heal in 18 months if we participate with nature on its own terms
Farm fields slide
Story: Brattleboro Food Coop, Vermont, wanted to be a green grocery store
Food is coming from far away: New Zealand, California, Chile
- If there’s a truckers’ strike, grocery store will not be sustainable
Farms in the area had been abandoned because of poor soil from overfarming, overgrazing, and lumber extraction
Grocery store became an agriculture and soil extension service, to teach people
- How farm their land, restore forest, restore watershed, can their own food, hunters to dress their meat
- Bank/credit union to helpo farmers restablish farm
All they wanted was a grocery store
- But any activity, in a city or a grocery store, can be a catalyst for greater geographic health
But hadn’t worked with the community
Dimensions of the whole
1. Developing of the right mind: to see how life is working
2. Systems of the place: includes economics, in the social system
3. Value added processes: how does life add value, otherwise, aren’t participating in evolution
Can’t look at life as if it’s an organization chart
U.S. army chart of Afghan force
- Stop thinking mechanically
Living systems are really complex, have to work from patterns
Life is dynamic and evolving, not mechanical
- It’s not a what, it’s who
- Requires an interative process, including all parties, issues and nature
Humans have a positive role to play
- Better than feeling guilty
- Humans aren’t bad
- Time to reunderstand
- Not living lightly with the land, but living fully with the land
Patterns are how to hold wholes
- Building the capabilility to build it, love it, tend it
Need a storying process: hold past, present future
- Engage community
- Parables make the complex comprehensible
- Time for restorying
If you want to build a ship, don’t herd people together to collect wood, and don’t assign them tasks and work, but instead teach them to long for the endless immensity of the sea
How to approach our task of Sipoo? The who? Participation workshops, wandering site, reading materials?
- Fairly simple process
- Don’t hold big meetings, get loudmouths
- Have kitchen table conversations with small groups of people to learn the community
- Gather data, although it’s not sufficient, could be a waste of time
- Client had spent 10 years and $10M gathering a room of data, data isn’t understanding
- Want tracking skills, animal tracking through woods, not just one piece of data, but two or three corroborrating views
- Looking for 10,000 foot view, repeatable patterns of data
- Can do this in 2 weeks, if have the skills sets
- Systems ecologists and systems biologists, permaculturalists can get a handle, trackers are best
- Tracking people, data, how life works, how life has worked in the past
- e.g. looking as a child, a teenager, as a young adult
Comment: approach of 3 generations back and 3 generations forward. Sibbesborg has a history and a future
- Have to take in the good and the bad
Randy Komisar, “Getting to Plan B” (MP3 audio), Stanford University’s Entrepreneurship Corner, 2010/04/07 November 8, 2010Posted by daviding in Talk Audio Download, Talk Video Streaming.
Tags: entrepreneurism, venture capital
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Business ventures shouldn’t assume that everything will go as planned.
While Plan A may begin the backbone on which an entrepreneurial idea is hinged, succinct data gathering and constant market evaluation more often lead to profit with the next idea in line. The tech sector breeds innovation, says Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers partner and frequent speaker Randy Komisar, and to do so it is required to accept the numerous fits and starts of the start-up.