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Michel Bauwens, “Middle Way Between Open and Closed” (MP3 audio), Emerging Communications, itconversations.com, 2008/03/14 February 17, 2010

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Peer-to-peer technologies generally haven’t been popular within businesses.

The openness of the digital commons has created abundant and freely available social value but not a way to monetize it. In the talk from the 2008 Emerging Communications Conference, Michel Bauwens of the P2P Foundation asks: to which degree are the interests of peer producing and sharing communities both similar but also divergent with the owners of the infrastructures and the proprietary platforms? Can we find a way that satisfies both communities and corporations?

Michel Bauwens is the founder of the Foundation for Peer to Peer Alternatives which researches and promotes peer to peer alternatives in all areas of social life. He is a Belgian national now living in Chiang Mai, Thailand, animating a global cybercollective from this tropical mountain city which is at the epicenter of the Asian Renaissance.

IT Conversations | Emerging Communications | Michel Bauwens

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Brian Arthur, “The Nature of Technology” (MP3 audio), Changesurfer Radio, Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies, 2009/08/22 February 16, 2010

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There’s a relationship between technology and innovation, in economic history.

Dr. J. chats with W. Brian Arthur about his book The Nature of Technology, which argues that technologies have a natural history – are composed of prior technologies – and are subject to natural selection.

Changesurfer Radio

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Alan Wolfe, “Liberalism” (MP3 audio), Econtalk, 2009/05/11 February 16, 2010

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What has liberalism meant in political science, and what does it mean now?

Alan Wolfe, Professor of Political Science at Boston College and author of The Future of Liberalism, talks with EconTalk host Russ Roberts about liberalism.

Wolfe argues that the essence of liberalism is giving as many people as possible control over their own lives. Wolfe traces the evolution of liberalism through Western civilization. He rejects the distinction between modern liberalism and classical liberalism seeing Adam Smith as a liberal but not F. A. Hayek.

The conversation closes with a discussion of the role of competition in encouraging religiosity in the United States.

Wolfe on Liberalism | EconTalk | Library of Economics and Liberty

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Adrian Cockcroft, “Millicomputing” (MP3 audio), Emerging Communications, itconversations.com, 2008/03/14 February 16, 2010

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For the past few decades, the trend has been towards faster and faster computer processors.  Mobile devices are changing that trajectory.

In his presentation at Ecomm 2008, Adrian Cockcroft of Netflix describes his ‘millicomputer’ concept. A millicomputer is any device that uses less than a watt of power, or to put it another way, a computer that fits in your pocket, but won’t burn your leg! As Adrian reveals, today’s millicomputers are already impressively powerful. But as millicomputers look set to eclipse even notebook computers in the next few years, their capabilities will become even more impressive.

He looks at what makes today’s millicomputers, including the iPhone, so impressive as well as some of the surprising capabilities that lie within your Zune player. The consumer space for mobile computing can only get hotter, as the iPhone competes with Android in the OS market, and Intel and Arm battle it out for supremacy in the production of mobile hardware.

Looking further into the future, Adrian offers a glimpse of some of the amazing possibilities that await us, as mobile computing becomes ever more powerful. Web servers that fit into your pocket, real-time 3d sound projection and more will revolutionize the way we work and play. Adrian also talks about how the open-source prototyping activities of the Home Brew Mobile Club are helping today to make these things a reality by pushing at the boundaries of what is possible with conventional mobile technology.

Adrian Cockcroft is Director of Web Engineering at Netflix, where he manages a team that researches and implements personalization algorithms. He also publishes iPhone apps and is researching into highly efficient compute platforms by defining a new ultra-low-power concept called Millicomputing.

IT Conversations | Emerging Communications | Adrian Cockcroft

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Joseph Stiglitz and Linda Bilmes, “Globalization and The Three Trillion Dollar War” (MP3 audio), Commonwealth Club of California, 2008/03/04 February 16, 2010

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How has the war in Iraq started in the Bush era impacted the world economy?

Nobel Prize-winner Joseph Stiglitz and budget expert Linda Bilmes discuss the economic impact of the war in Iraq.

They discuss the actual costs of the war so far and compare it to the pre-war estimate submitted by the Bush administration. They examine the hidden and unforeseen costs of the war and the often-hidden methods of the funding process itself.

“This war is totally financed by deficits, by borrowing,” say Stiglitz. He adds, “This is the first war since the Revolutionary War where we’ve had to turn to foreigners to finance our adventure.” Stilglitz and Bilmes examine the details of deficits, tax cuts, and wartime spending, and look at how U.S. foreign policy affects the economy.

Joseph Stiglitz, Professor/Global Thought Committee Chair, Columbia University; Author, Making Globalization Work

Linda Bilmes, Finance Professor, Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government; Author, Making Globalization Work

[Commonwealth Club of California]

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Charlene Li, “The Future of Social Networks” (MP3 audio), O’Reilly Media Graphing Social Patterns, itconversations.com, 2008/03/03 February 16, 2010

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Social networks over interactive media has changed the way that we interact with friends, families, and colleagues.

Charlene Li’s prediction for the future of networking is one where our online connections to others are like air–as natural and intuitive as breathing. Looking into a future 5 or 10 years down the road our online identities will be universal. We will control them, and they will join together our activity in many spheres, such as email and mobile, in addition to the worldwide web. This synthesis will give a more complete picture of who we are.

Li feels that while current social networks such as Facebook provide a fun way for us to keep in touch with others, they express our relationships and how we view and use them in a minimal, two-dimensional way. In the future our social networks will become more complete and multilayered. As a result, we will know more about one another, and be able to look to the people we know for information or advice, and they to us.

This deepening of social networks will cause business models to change. Companies will learn to effectively take advantage of the influence we have on others, not through exploitation, but by understanding a natural desire that is even now being expressed: the desire to offer opinions and advice about products to others.

Charlene Li is an independent thought leader on emerging technologies, with a specific focus on social technologies, interactive media, and marketing. She is also the co-author of the business bestseller, “Groundswell: Winning In A World Transformed By Social Technologies”, published by Harvard Business Press in May 2008.

IT Conversations | O’Reilly Media Graphing Social Patterns | Charlene Li

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Jeff Conklin, “Dialogue Mapping and Wicked Problems” (MP3 audio), Blue Oxen Barnstars, 2009/03/29 February 16, 2010

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Jeff Conklin has a long history in the development of issue-based information systems, going back to collaborations with Horst Rittel.

Jeff Conklin, who’s been a great friend and teacher for many years. Jeff is an amazing facilitator and thinker who created a process called Dialogue Mapping, which helps groups make sense of Wicked Problems.

The process consists of facilitating a meeting around a shared display (usually a projected computer screen), on which the facilitator is graphically capturing the dialogue in real-time.

While the map itself and the tool to create the map are interesting, the real power is in the process, which helps participants develop shared language and focus on critical, underlying issues and which helps depoliticize discussions.

Jeff shares with us many deep insights into the nature of meetings and listening as well as the story of his evolution from scientist to facilitator.

Blue Oxen Associates » Blue Oxen Barnstars: Jeff Conklin

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Tony Bailetti, “Open Source Maturity Curve and Ecosystems Interactions: Lessons Learned” (MP3 audio), Eclipse Summit Europe, 2009/10/27 February 16, 2010

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The adoption of open source by companies doesn’t occur overnight.

In this podcast, Ian Skerrett from the Eclipse Foundation talks to Tony about the stages of the open source maturity curve and why organizations benefit from tapping into ecosystems.

Tony Bailetti is the Director of Ontario’s Talent First Network and the Executive Director of Coral CEA. He holds a tenured faculty appointment in both the Eric Sprott School of Business and the Department of Systems and Computer Engineering at Carleton University. Tony is one of the keynote speakers at Eclipse Summit Europe 2009 and will speak on Open Source Maturity Curve and Ecosystems Interactions – Lessons Learned .

Podcast with Eclipse Summit Europe Keynote Tony Bailetti of Carleton University | Eclipse Live

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Greg Wilson, “High-Performance Computing Considered Harmful” (MP3 audio), Jon Udell’s Interviews with Innovators, itconversations.com, 2008/05/20 February 16, 2010

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Computer science is more than writing the most efficient code.

Greg Wilson recently gave a talk entitled High-Performance Computing Considered Harmful. On this edition of Interviews with Innovators, Wilson explains why HPC can’t be all about speed and power. Instead, we must also care, more than we have in the past, about human productivity, correctness, and reproducibility.

Greg Wilson holds a Ph.D. in Computer Science from the University of Edinburgh, and has worked on high-performance scientific computing, data visualization, and computer security. He is now an Assistant Professor in Computer Science at the University of Toronto, where his primary research interest is lightweight software engineering for computational science. Wilson is on the editorial boards of “Doctor Dobb’s Journal” and “Computing in Science and Engineering”.

IT Conversations | Jon Udell’s Interviews with Innovators | Greg Wilson

[MP3 audio]

Justin Fox, “The Myth of the Rational Market” (MP3 audio), The Big Money, slate.com, 2009/06/18 February 16, 2010

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Rationality is presumption in much of economy theory … but not necessarily all of it.

The Big Money presents Every Day I Read the Book, featuring Daniel Gross. Dan’s guest is Justin Fox, author of the book The Myth of the Rational Market: A History of Risk, Reward, and Delusion on Wall Street.

The Myth of the Rational Market: a podcast with author Justin Fox. – By Daniel Gross and Win Rosenfeld – Slate Magazine

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Gary Hirshberg, “Stirring It Up: How To Make Money and Save the World” (MP3 audio), Commonwealth Club of California, 2008/02/19 February 10, 2010

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Running a green business can be profitable if some of the conventional wisdom on mass production and distribution is rethought.

A true force for change, Gary Hirshberg has been at the forefront of movements working for environmental and social transformation for 30 years. From his early days as an educator and activist to his current position as President and CE-Yo of Stonyfield Farm, the world’s largest organic yogurt company, Hirshberg’s positive outlook has inspired thousands of people to recognize their ability to make the world a better place.

In Stirring it Up, Hirshberg calls on individuals to realize their power to effect change in the marketplace – “the power of one” – while proving that environmental commitment makes for a healthier planet and a healthier bottom line. Drawing from his 25 years’ experience growing Stonyfield Farm from a 7-cow start-up, as well as the examples of like-minded companies, such as Newman’s Own, Patagonia, Wal-Mart and Timberland, Hirshberg presents stunning evidence that business not only can save the planet, but is able to simultaneously deliver higher growth and superior profits as well.

Hirshberg illustrates his points with practical information and advice, as well as engaging anecdotes from what he calls ‘the bad old days’ of his yogurt company: how a power outage left him milking cows by hand, how a dumpster fire revealed the need for better packaging, and his camel manure taste test challenge to a local shock jock. He also describes hands-on grassroots marketing strategies — printing yogurt lids with provocative, politically charged messages, handing out thousands of free samples to subway commuters to thank them for using public transit, and devising the country’s first organic vending machine — explaining how these approaches make a much more powerful impact on consumers than traditional advertising.

Facebook | Stirring It Up: How To Make Money and Save the World by Gary Hirshberg

[MP3 audio]

[Archive for Realaudio]

Geoffrey Moore, “Heritage of innovation” (MP3 audio), Killer Innovation, 2009/08/18-27 February 10, 2010

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“Crossing the chasm” is generally associated with growth companies, but the economy isn’t always booming.

… Geoffrey Moore, one the most respected consultants and thought leaders in Silicon Valley. He is the author of multiple books, including the best-seller Crossing the Chasm, which has been heralded as the bible for entrepreneurial marketing. Today, I’d like to share some highlights from the first part of the interview.

Part of what Geoffrey discusses in his books is how start-ups can transition to growth companies, and the challenges in crossing that chasm in-between. One of the things affecting innovators today is the downturn.

“I think you’re seeing changes on both ends of the spectrum. First of all, when you have a down economy, you all of a sudden get a bigger supply of entrepreneurs, also known as laid off people. You’ll see a lot of companies get started in this down turn, and that will be great for everybody. All they have to do is get to $1 million of revenue, and that’s better off than we are today. There are a lot of ideas that can get to $1 or $2 million that frankly, big companies aren’t going to spend the time on. On the other end of the spectrum, the large companies have pressure to cut costs. The other pressure is to take share. And to take share, you do have to do something that your competitors aren’t doing. Now it may not be tech innovation, it may be marketing innovation or operational innovation, but you’ll be doing something.”

Because of the downturn, many people are now finding the opportunity to pursue their dreams. But a vital key learning to entrepreneurs is to always validate your work.”What we talk a lot about is that at every stage of an innovation, before you even put pen to paper, you want to expose it to market forces and see if it is matching to your internal ideation. What that means is – for an entrepreneur this is really important – the first piece of work needs to be done as fast as you can. What you do is go to a visionary customer who is in trouble one way or another, and say, ‘We think [our idea] is a possibility and it solves this kind of problem, and it looks you have this problem.’ It’s almost like a consulting project: you sign them up as your first [client]. What’s great about that is you get a stream of revenue coming in, but more importantly, you get a stream of reality coming in. I get scared [for entrepreneurs that] go down this path without a customer.”

Heritage of Innovation: Interview with Geoffrey Mo… – The Next Bench

[MP3 audio, part 1 of 2]

[MP3 audio, part 2 of 2]

Wayne Clough, “Smithsonian Forever” (MP3 audio), Longnow Foundation, 2009/08/17 February 10, 2010

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The Smithsonian Institution is known as “the nation’s attic”.  How are pieces selected for acquistion and preservation?

Wayne Clough is the 12th Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution. In July 1998 he took the reins of the world’s largest museum and research complex and has since initiated long-range planning for the Smithsonian that includes increasing its accessibility.

Many of the 137 million objects in the Institution’s collection will be digitized and made available to the public along with curatorial content produced by Smithsonian experts.

Wayne Clough: Smithsonian Forever – The Long Now

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Brian Arthur, “Technological Innovations” (MP3 audio), Groks Science Show, 2009/09/16 February 10, 2010

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Brian Arthur, known for “increasing returns” and economics research from a complexity perspective, has recently been looking into innovation and technology.

Technology drives much of the development of human society and economy.  Yet, little attention is given to how technological innovations arise.

On this program, Prof. W. Brian Arthur discussed the nature of technology.

Internet Archive: Free Download: Technological Innovations — Groks Science Show 2009-09-16

{MP3 audio]

Justin Fox, “The Rationality of Markets” (MP3 audio), Econtalk, 2009/07/13 February 10, 2010

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Hypotheses in economics don’t necessarily mean proven theories.

Justin Fox, author of The Myth of the Rational Market, talks about the ideas in his book with EconTalk host Russ Roberts.

Fox traces the history of the application of math and economics to finance, particularly to the question of how markets and prices process information, the so-called efficient markets hypothesis in its various forms.

The conversation includes discussions of systemic risk, the current financial crisis and the lessons for policy reform.

Justin Fox on the Rationality of Markets | EconTalk | Library of Economics and Liberty

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Stewart Brand, “City Planet: How Urbanization Will Drive Innovation” (MP3 audio), Commonwealth Club of California, 2007/06/14 February 8, 2010

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In contrast to the 1960s vision of getting “back to the garden”, the 21st century sees movement to increased urbanization.

Over the past four decades, invincible rabble-rouser Stewart Brand has spent time anticipating cultural revolutions and launching a medley of new ideas, movements, organizations, and communities. In the process, he has turned conventional thinking upside down.

Today, Brand spends considerable time talking about the “city planet,” a term used to describe the expeditious growth of cities. By the middle of this century, 80 percent of the world population will be urbanized changing everything from economics to the environment and global population. Brand argues that these new “squatter cities,” though impoverished and seemingly chaotic, will incubate untapped human ingenuity.

Steward Brand is Founder and Publisher, The Whole Earth Catalogue; Co-founder, The Long Now Foundation; Co-founder, The WELL; Co-founder, Global Business Network

[MP3 audio]

Sean Gorman, “From Data Chaos to Actionable Intelligence” (MP3 audio), Where 2.0, 2008/05/14 February 4, 2010

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Who will provide all of the geodata around the world … particularly in places were people are few?

Sean Gorman’s love of big data sets almost got him into trouble with the government early on when he and school colleagues began mapping the geography of the web and discovered interesting tidbits such as routing vulnerabilities for the NYSE. While he’s no longer in trouble with the government he is still fascinated by big data and mapping.

Gorman announced GeoCommons, a crowdsourced repository of large structured datasets, at the Where 2.0 conference last year, and this year he describes how the first attempt failed and how the problem was solved. He moves to a discussion and demonstration of Finder!, the new product that opens the world’s data in a browser.

Gorman ends the talk with his vision for data federated by all companies who are bringing geo-content to the web. In this ecosystem of federated geo-content, a user can take a URL from one source and map it with a structured data set from another source; thus creating semantic meaning that didn’t exist before. He hopes that this integration of data will help to solve problems.

IT Conversations | O’Reilly Media Where 2.0 Conference | Sean Gorman

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Brian Arthur, “The Nature of Technology” (MP3 audio), Tech Nation, IT Conversations, 2009/08/25 February 4, 2010

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Advances in technology are considered in economics, but the introduction of complexity science changes the perspective.

Moira Gunn speaks with Brian Arthur, author of The Nature of Technology.

The former Stanford professor discusses his theory of technology’s origins and evolution.

IT Conversations | Tech Nation | Brian Arthur

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C. P. Snow, “Title Recent Thoughts on the Two Cultures” (MP3 audio), Wesleyan University, 1961/12 February 3, 2010

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The Two Cultures” by C. P. Snow is was a breakthrough lecture in 1959 on the division between the sciences and the humanities.  A digital version of a speech reflecting on the impact in 1961 is now available.

Document Type
Other

Publication Date
12-1961

Abstract
Recorded at Memorial Chapel, Wesleyan University, in December 1961. C. P. Snow was a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Studies at that time.

Comments
Produced at the World Music Archives, Olin Library, Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT.

Snow, Charles Percy, “Recent Thoughts on the Two Cultures” (1961). Special Collections & Archives Recordings.

http://wesscholar.wesleyan.edu/scarecs/1

WesScholar – Charles Percy Snow: Recent Thoughts on the Two Cultures

[MP3 audio], Speech by C. P. Snow

Dev Khare, “Venture Capital: What’s Hot and What’s Not on the Geoweb” (MP3 audio), Where 2.0, 2008/05/14 February 3, 2010

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Mapping tends to invoke the idea of graphics in a browser, but there are other opportunities.

Geo is impacting many industries including automotive, retail, telecom and advertising. Emerging from these current technologies are applications for the GeoWeb, GeoMobile, GeoCar, and GeoVoice. There are many opportunities for smaller and new companies to succeed in these areas because markets for these products already exist. These entrenched industries are wide-open for investments and this presentation provides some guidence and perspective for those looking to cash in.

Venture capitalist Dev Khare speaks at the O’Reilly Where 2.0 Conference in San Jose, California in June, 2008. Khare is a partner at VC firm Venrock and discusses the current landscape on the GeoWeb from a VC perspective.

Khare also speaks about other factors that make these investments attractive to VC firms including falling chip prices for mobile devices and a more educated consumer base.

IT Conversations | O’Reilly Media Where 2.0 Conference | Dev Khare

[MP3 audio]

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